Parable of the Pharisee and the Publican (Luke 18:9–14)
A Pharisee is a religious leader who obeyed strict and zealous obedience to the Law of Moses. At times Pharisees also held political standing, controlled social movements, and the school of thought among the Jewish people.
A Publican is a tax collector. Often they worked with the Romans to collect taxes and were seen as “tax trolls.” At the time, the Jews and the Romans didn’t think highly of each other. Therefore, it was natural for the Jews to look upon the Publicans with discontent since they were working with the Romans.
Matthew, a Jew and a Publican, no doubt then was seen as a traitor to accept this employment from the Romans.
In the parable of Pharisee and the Publican found in Luke 18:9–14
The Pharisee, obsessed by his own virtue, prays much like the Zoramites on the Rameumptom, (Alma 31–32; 35) basically thanking God that he is better than everyone else including the Publican.
The Publican on the other hand humbly asks for mercy.
This parable demonstrates the need to pray humbly.
Image source: http://christparables.do.am/photo/parables_of_jesus/parable_of_the_wicked_husbandmen/27
The Wicked Husbandman (Luke 20:9–18)
The husbandman is someone who was assigned to watch over the vineyard— sort of like a property manager oversees the property for the owner.
In this parable the Vineyard is the Lord’s church and the husbandmen are the church leaders of the time the parable was given. The Master is God Himself. The servants in this parable represent ancient prophets who were rejected. The heir refers to Jesus Christ, who should have been respected by the people, but was rejected and killed.
At the season the Master sent His servant that the husbandmen should give him the fruit of the harvest. The greedy and wicked husbandmen beat the servant. Time after time the Master sent servants, but they were harmed or killed.
Finally the Master sent His Son. The Husbandmen killed the Son, thinking that they could rob the Master of His vineyard.
This parable was given shortly before Christ’s death. Christ was basically foretelling His death, who His murders were, and their motives for killing Him.
Image source: http://cleansingfiredor.com/tag/devotional-images/
The Great Supper (Luke 14:16–24)
The parable of the Great Supper was addressed to the learned men of the time the parable was given.
The specially invited guest to the supper was the covenant people of Israel.
On the day of the feast, after all the perpetrations where made, the Lord sent a Messenger to summon the guest. For their own selfish and vain reasons, all the guests’ decided not to come. Since the invited guest didn’t come, the Lord then invited others (Gentiles, Pagans, and other strangers beyond the walls of the holy city.)
This has to do with missionary work and gathering all who will come unto the Lord and partake of the gospel. The scripture that comes to my mind is Peter’s vision of the unclean animals found in Acts 10 and the phrase “What God hath cleansed, that call not thou common.”